World Geography Curriculum
For Grade 9
In World Geography Studies, students examine people, places, and environments at local, regional, national, and international scales from the spatial and ecological perspectives of geography. Students describe the influence of geography on events of the past and present. A significant portion of the course centers around the physical processes that shape patterns in the physical environment; the characteristics of major land forms, climates, and ecosystems and their interrelationships; the political, economic, and social processes that shape cultural patterns of regions; types and patterns of settlement; the distribution and movement of world population; relationships among people, places, and environments; and the concept of region. Students analyze how location affects economic activities in different economic systems throughout the world. Students identify the processes that influence political divisions of the planet and analyze how different points of view affect the development of public policies. Students compare how components of culture shape the characteristics of regions and analyze the impact of technology and human modifications on the physical environment. Students use problem-solving and decision-making skills to ask and answer geographic questions.
To support the teaching of the essential knowledge and skills, the use of a variety of rich primary and secondary source material such as contemporary and historic maps of various types, satellite-produced images, photographs, graphs, sketches, and diagrams is encouraged.
The eight strands of the essential knowledge and skills for social studies are intended to be integrated for instructional purposes. Skills listed in the geography and social studies skills strands in subsection (c) of this section should be incorporated into the teaching of all essential knowledge and skills for social studies. A greater depth of understanding of complex content material can be attained when integrated social studies content from the various disciplines and critical-thinking skills are taught together.
Throughout social studies in Kindergarten-Grade 12, students build a foundation in history; geography; economics; government; citizenship; culture; science, technology, and society; and social studies skills. The content, as appropriate for the grade level or course, enables students to understand the importance of patriotism, function in a free enterprise society, and appreciate the basic democratic values of our state and nation as referenced in the Texas Education Code, §28.002(h).
The student is expected to:
- understand how geographic contexts (the geography of places in the past) and processes of spatial exchange (diffusion) influenced events in the past and helped to shape the present
- understand how people, places, and environments have changed over time and the effects of these changes on history
- understand how physical processes shape patterns in the physical environment (lithosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere, and biosphere), including how Earth-Sun relationships affect physical processes and patterns on Earth's surface
- understand the patterns and characteristics of major landforms, climates, and ecosystems of Earth and the interrelated processes that produce them
- understand how political, economic, and social processes shape cultural patterns and characteristics in various places and regions
- understand the types and patterns of settlement, the factors that affect where people settle, and processes of settlement development over time
- understand the growth, distribution, movement, and characteristics of world population
- understand how people, places, and environments are connected and interdependent
- understand the concept of region as an area of Earth's surface with unifying geographic characteristics
- understand the distribution and characteristics of economic systems throughout the world
- understand the reasons for the location of economic activities (primary, secondary, tertiary, and quaternary) in different economic systems
- understand the economic importance of, and issues related to, the location and management of key natural resources
- understand the characteristics of a variety of political units
- understand the geographic processes that influence political divisions, relationships, and policies
- understand how the components of culture affect the way people live and shape the characteristics of regions
- understand the distribution, patterns, and characteristics of different cultures
- understand the ways in which cultures change and maintain continuity
- understand the impact of technology and human modifications on the physical environment
- understand how technology affects definitions of, access to, and use of resources
- apply critical-thinking skills to organize and use information acquired from a variety of sources including electronic technology
- communicate in written, oral, and visual forms
- use problem-solving and decision-making skills, working independently and with others, in a variety of settings
Texas Administrative Code (TAC), Title 19, Part II
Chapter §113.34 (9th)
Texas Essential Knowledge & Skills for World Geography
Subchapter C. High School
To view World Geography Curriculum, click here.
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