5th Grade Social Studies


In Grade 5, students the history of the United States from 1565 to the present. Historical content includes the colonial period, the American Revolution, the establishment of the U.S. Constitution and American identity, westward expansion, the Civil War and Reconstruction, immigration and industrialization, and the 20th and 21st centuries.  Students study a variety of regions in the United States that result from physical features and human activity and identify how people adapt to and modify the environment.

  • Students explain the characteristics and benefits of the free enterprise (capitalist, free market) system and describe economic activities in the United States.
  • Students identify the roots of representative government in this nation as well as the important ideas in the Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution.
  • Students study the fundamental rights guaranteed in the Bill of Rights.
  • Students examine the importance of effective leadership in a constitutional democratic republic and identify important leaders in the national government.
  • Students recite and explain the meaning of the Pledge of Allegiance to the United States Flag.
  • Students describe the cultural impact of various racial, ethnic, and religious groups in the nation and identify the accomplishments of notable individuals in the fields of science and technology.
  • Students explain symbols, traditions, and landmarks that represent American beliefs and principles.
  • Students use critical-thinking skills to sequence, categorize, and summarize information and to draw inferences and conclusions.
  • Students identify the role of the U.S. free enterprise system within the parameters of this course and understand that this system may also be referenced as capitalism or the free market system.
  • Students understand that a constitutional republic is a representative form of government whose representatives derive their authority from the consent of the governed, serve for an established tenure, and are sworn to uphold the constitution.

To support the teaching of the essential knowledge and skills, the use of a variety of rich primary and secondary source material such as documents, biographies, novels, speeches, letters, poetry, songs, and artworks is encouraged.  Motivating resources are available from museums, historical sites, presidential libraries, and local and state preservation societies.


Throughout social studies in Kindergarten-Grade 12, students build a foundation in history; geography; economics; government; citizenship; culture; science, technology, and society; and social studies skills. The content, as appropriate for the grade level or course, enables students to understand the importance of patriotism, function in a free enterprise society, and appreciate the basic democratic values of our state and nation.

19 TAC, Title 19, Part II
Texas Essential Knowledge & Skills for Social Studies
Chapter ยง113.16 (5th Grade)
Subchapter A. Elementary

For 5th Grade Social Studies Curriculum, click here.

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