Kindergarten Math Introduction
Within a well-balanced mathematics curriculum, the primary focal points in Kindergarten are developing whole-number concepts, understanding of addition and subtraction, identifying and using measurable attributes of two-dimensional shapes and three-dimensional solids, and financial literacy.
Throughout Kindergarten mathematics, students build a foundation of basic understanding of numbers, operations, and quantitative reasoning; relationships, and algebraic thinking; geometry and spatial reasoning; measurement; probability and statistics; and financial literacy. Students use numbers in ordering, labeling, and expressing quantities and relationships to solve problems and translate informal language into mathematical language and symbols. Students make predictions and solve problems as they build an understanding of numbers, operations, and shapes. Students progress from informal to formal language to describe two-dimensional and three-dimensional geometric figures and likenesses in the physical world. Students begin to develop measurement concepts as they identify and compare attributes of objects and situations. Students collect, organize, and display data and use information from graphs to answer questions, make summary statements, and make informal predictions based on their experiences.
In Kindergarten mathematics, students develop numerical fluency with conceptual understanding and computational accuracy. Students in Kindergarten use basic number sense to compose and decompose numbers in order to solve problems requiring precision, estimation, and reasonableness.
Problem solving, language and communication, connections within and outside mathematics, and formal and informal reasoning underlie all content areas in mathematics. Throughout mathematics in Kindergarten, students use these processes together with technology and other mathematical tools such as manipulative materials to develop conceptual understanding and solve meaningful problems as they do mathematics.