5th Grade Math Curriculum

Grade 5 Mathematics Introduction


Throughout mathematics in Grades 3-5, students build a foundation of basic understanding in number operation and quantitative reasoning, relationships and algebraic thinking, geometry and spatial reasoning, as well as measurement and interpreting data.

Within a well-balanced mathematics curriculum, the primary focal points at Grade 5 are developing fluency with addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of fractions and decimals; generating expressions and equations to solve problems; representing and solving problems with perimeter, area and volume; and interpreting sets of data.

  • Students use numerical operations to represent and solve problems using fractions and decimals fluently.
  • Students use reasonable estimates of fractions and decimals to solve problems.
  • Students use and generate expressions and equations to solve problems involving all four operations.
  • Students use their understanding of measurement to select appropriate units for measuring perimeter, area and volume using the related formulas.
  • Students use appropriate graphic displays to describe data based on the attributes of a particular data set.
  • Students apply mathematical process standards to develop an economic way of thinking and problem solving through financial literacy concepts. 

In grade 5, problem solving in meaningful contexts, use of appropriate mathematical language for communication at the conceptual level, making connections within and outside mathematics, and application of both formal and informal reasoning skills occur in each of the mathematic strands. Additionally, a variety of mathematical tools such as manipulative materials assists in the development of deeper conceptual understanding as students solve math problems.

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