2nd Grade Math Curriculum


Second Grade Mathematics Introduction

 

Within a well-balanced mathematics curriculum, the primary focal points in Second Grade are developing an understanding of the base-ten place value system, using place value and properties of operations to solve problems involving addition and subtraction, using measurement processes, and applying knowledge to compose and decompose two-dimensional shapes and three-dimensional solids.

 

Throughout mathematics in Second Grade, students build a foundation of basic understandings in numeric representations, geometry and measurement, problem solving, computations and algebraic reasoning, data analysis, and personal financial literacy.  Students use numbers in ordering, labeling, and expressing quantities and relationships to solve problems and translate informal language into mathematical language and symbols. Students use objects to create and identify patterns and use those patterns to express relationships, make predictions, and solve problems as they build an understanding of number, operation, shape, and space. Students progress from informal to formal language to describe two- and three-dimensional geometric figures and likenesses in the physical world. Students begin to develop measurement concepts as they identify and compare attributes of objects and situations. Students collect, organize, and display data and use information from graphs to answer questions, make summary statements, and make informal predictions based on their experiences.

 

In Second Grade mathematics, students develop numerical fluency with conceptual understanding and computational accuracy.  Students in Second Grade use basic number sense to compose and decompose numbers in order to solve problems requiring precision, estimation, and reasonableness. By the end of Second Grade, students know basic addition and subtraction facts and are using them to work flexibly, efficiently, and accurately with numbers during addition and subtraction computation and story problems. Problem solving, language and communication, connections within and outside mathematics, and formal and informal reasoning underlie all content areas in mathematics. Throughout mathematics in Second Grade, students use these processes together with technology and other mathematical tools such as manipulative materials to develop conceptual understanding and solve meaningful problems as they do mathematics.

 




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