1st Grade Math Curriculum

First Grade Mathematics Introduction

Within a well-balanced mathematics curriculum, the primary focal points in Grade 1 are solving problems involving addition and subtraction, analyzing attributes of two-dimensional shapes and three-dimensional solids, and developing an understanding of measurement and place value. 

Throughout mathematics in First Grade, students build a foundation of basic understanding by using numbers in ordering, labeling, and expressing quantities and relationships to solve problems and translate informal language into mathematical language and symbols.  Students use objects to create and identify patterns and use those patterns to express relationships, make predictions, and solve problems as they build an understanding of number, operation, shape, and space.  Students progress from informal to formal language to describe two and three dimensional geometric figures and likenesses in the physical world.  Students begin to develop measurement concepts as they identify and compare attributes of objects and situations.  Students collect, organize, display data and use information from graphs to answer questions, make summary statements and informal predictions based on their experiences.

In First Grade mathematics, students develop numerical fluency with conceptual understanding and computational accuracy.  Students in First Grade use basic number sense and compose and decompose numbers in order to solve problems requiring precision, estimation, and reasonableness.  By the end of First Grade, students use these processes together with technology and other mathematical tools such as manipulative materials to develop conceptual understanding and solve meaningful problems as they do mathematics.

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